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Keelley sent me two of the Castles of King Edward in Gwynedd: Caernarfon and Conwy. These castles are located in Gwynedd, in north-west Wales. Two other castles are also listed as part of this UNESCO world heritage site: Beaumaris and Harlech.

UNESCO wales caernarfon

Caernarfon Castle’s construction began in 1283. Edward I built the castle after invading Wales. Caernarfon was designed to be not only a fortress, but a palatial building that would serve as the administrative center of North Wales. The castle’s walls were completed, but the interior buildings were not.

UNESCO wales conwy

The other castle is Conwy Castle. It was built between 1283 and 1289. After conquering Wales, Edward decided to build a walled town and castle at Conwy on the north coast of Wales. There was an abbey on this site before, which was moved inland to accommodate the castle.

The castles were inscribed on the UNESCO list in 1986 because they are the “finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe.”